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Спортивная медицина: наука и практика

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Ходьба спиной вперед в спортивных тренировках и медицинской реабилитации

https://doi.org/10.17238/ISSN2223-2524.2017.4.49

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Аннотация

Последнее время в спорте и медицине все шире используется ходьба спиной вперед. Она может быть использована как одна из методик фитнеса. Ходьба спиной вперед приводит к более существенной нагрузке на сердечно-сосудистую и дыхательную системы и более значительному повышению как аэробных, так и анаэробных возможностей организма. Ходьба спиной вперед сопряжена с меньшей нагрузкой на коленные суставы и является одним из немногих естественных способов укрепления четырехглавой мышцы бедра. Обучение ходьбе спиной вперед используется в программах реабилитации с целью выработки правильного паттерна походки у детей с церебральным параличом, лиц, перенесших мозговой инсульт, страдающих болезнью Паркинсона, рассеянным склерозом, спинальных больных. Имеются сведения о применении ходьбы спиной вперед при синдроме диабетической стопы с целью уменьшения плантарного давления и при физической реабилитации послеоперационных больных. Тесты с ходьбой спиной вперед используются в диагностических целях - для оценки тяжести нарушения координации и моторики у постинсультных больных, при болезни Паркинсона, для выявления начальных нарушений походки при рассеянном склерозе, для прогнозирования вероятности падения у пожилых лиц и пациентов с головокружением.

Об авторе

А. В. Клеменов
ГБУЗ Нижегородской области Городская клиническая больница №30 Московского района г. Нижнего Новгорода
Россия


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Для цитирования:


Клеменов А.В. Ходьба спиной вперед в спортивных тренировках и медицинской реабилитации. Спортивная медицина: наука и практика. 2017;7(4):49-54. https://doi.org/10.17238/ISSN2223-2524.2017.4.49

For citation:


Klemenov A. Walking backwards in sports training аnd medical rehabilitation. Sports medicine: research and practice. 2017;7(4):49-54. (In Russ.) https://doi.org/10.17238/ISSN2223-2524.2017.4.49

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